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Poet on a Mountaintop (杖藜遠眺)
Shen Zhou (沈周, 1427-1509), Ming Dynasty (1368-1644)
Album leaf, ink on paper, 38.7 x 60.3 cm, The Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City, Missouri
Shen Zhou exemplified literati painting in another way - his blending of poetry and painting, the arts of words and images. Many of Shen Zhou's paintings include poems of his own - many also include poems composed by friends.
The painting below is one of Shen Zhou's most famous. The scholar alone in nature seems to be looking out not over a chasm of rocks and clouds, but directly at the poem that Shen Zhou has placed before him. The poem reads as follows:
White clouds sash-like
wrap mountain waists,
The rock terrace flies in space
distant, a narrow path.
Leaning on a bramble staff
far and free I gaze,
To the warble of valley brook
I will reply, whistling.
(Translation from Indiana University.)